Monday, November 11, 2019

राजिंदर सिंह बेदी

आज विख्यात उर्दू लेखक राजिंदर सिंह बेदी की पुण्य तिथि है । 1 सितंबर 1915 को  अविभाजित पंजाब के स्यालकोट में जन्में राजिंदर सिंह बेदी  प्रगतिशील लेखक आंदोलन के प्रमुख हस्ताक्षर थे  , जिनने उपन्यास, कहानी और नाटक लिखे । उनकी शिक्षा लाहौर में हुई और शिक्षा उर्दू में होने के कारण उसी भाषा में  लेखन के प्रति प्रवृत्त हुए । उनने AIR जम्मू में अपनी सेवाएं दीं । शुरू के उनके दो कहानी संग्रह ' दान- ओ- दाम' और 'ग्रहण' के नाम से प्रकाशित हुए।
उनकी कहानी 'गर्म कोट ' बहुत चर्चित हुई ।बाद में उनके दो और कहानी संग्रह 'कोख जली'  और 'अपने दुःख मुझे दे दो'  नाम से  छपे  ।
एक लेखक के रूप में उन्हें अधिक ख्याति  उनके उर्दू उपन्यास ' एक चादर मैली सी' से मिली जिसमें ग्रामीण पंजाब में स्त्री शोषण, व्यथा का जीवंत चित्रण है। इस उपन्यास को पढ़ कर उनके मित्र व समकालीन लेखक कृश्न चंदर ने उनसे कहा ' कमबख्त तुम नहीं जानते , तुमने ये क्या लिख दिया है'! इस उपन्यास का हिंदी , बंगाली सहित अन्य भाषाओं में भी हुआ । अंग्रेजी में इसका अनुवाद खुशवंत सिंह ने किया जो ' I Take This Woman' नाम से छपा । 1962 में लिखे इस उपन्यास पर बेदी को 1965 का साहित्य अकादमी पुरस्कार भी मिला । इस उपन्यास की लोकप्रियता का अनुमान इस बात से लगाया जा सकता है कि इस पर इसी नाम से भारत में तो फिल्म बनी ही, साथ ही 1978 में ' मुट्ठी भर चावल' नाम से पाकिस्तान में भी फिल्म बनी ।

फ़िल्मी दुनिया से जुड़ जाने के बाद राजिंदर सिंह बेदी ने  बतौर निर्देशक, पटकथा लेखक और संवाद लेखक भी बहुत नाम कमाया । संवाद लेखक के रूप में उनकी पहली फिल्म ' बड़ी बहन' थी जो 1949 में बनी । इसके बाद उनने फिल्म 'दाग़' (1952) के संवाद भी लिखे । अपनी कहानी 'गर्म कोट' पर आधारित इसी  नाम की फिल्म के पट कथा लेखक व सह निर्माता भी रहे ।  फिल्म रंगोली के निर्माण से भी संबद्ध रहे ।
बतौर निर्देशक उनकी फिल्मों में दस्तक , फागुन, आँखिन देखी ,और नवाब साहिब शामिल हैं ।
संवाद लेखक के रूप में उनकी चर्चित फिल्में मिर्ज़ा ग़ालिब , देवदास, मधुमती, अनुराधा , अनुपमा, सत्यकाम ,बसंत बहार , मिलाप, बम्बई का बाबू, और अभिमान हैं ।
बतौर पट कथा लेखक उनकी फिल्मों में दस्तक, मेरे हमदम मेरे दोस्त, मेरे सनम, रंगोली, आस का पंछी,मेम दीदी, गर्म कोट शामिल हैं ।फिल्म क्षेत्र में इन्हें कई पुरस्कारों से भी नवाज़ा गया 
1982 में पक्षाघात होने के बाद  1984 में आज ही के दिन इनका निधन हुआ ।
बहुमुखी प्रतिभा के धनी महान व्यक्तित्व को हमारी विनम्र श्रद्धांजलि !

Sunday, October 20, 2019

Abhijeet Bannerji & Karwa Chauth

 SUNDAY MUSINGS-
Being an Indian, I felt proud when recently Abhijeet Bannerji, an Indian born American  and his wife Esther Duflo shared the coveted Nobel Prize in Economics with Michael  Kremer. This takes me back to 1903 when the couple Pierre Curie and Marie Curie shared the Nobel Prize in Physics  with Antoine Henri Becquerel. However this did not go down well with some  self righteous right wing ideologues who lost no time in pointing out that the renowned Indian Economist so honoured was Left leaning. Sadly this is not the first time that such an irrelevant and out of place statement has come from our public representatives. Mercifully  this is no takeaway from the honour bestowed on the distinguished Economist .

This gone week also saw the observance of the annual Karva Chauth  fast by married women  who stay hungry and without water for the entire day praying  for the well being and long life of their life partner. This also evoked some opposite reactions from some quarters calling it a  symbol of  subjugation of women, much against the modern concept of  empowerment and feminism. However my take on the matter is simple. This is purely a personal matter, best left to the individual , since the fast is not observed under duress or compulsion. However , the Commercial aspect needs a relook and the celebration can be as simple and sober without ostentation.

Sunday, October 13, 2019

KBC- Karamvir

SUNDAY MUSINGS -
As I sit down and set about to write, the lady of the house barges into the room and asks me to do a small chore. I tell her I am writing Sunday Musings.Pat comes the quip ,"What is so special about your Sunday ? Aapke to Sunday , Monday sab barabar hain !" Meaning I am on a perpetual holiday. She is right, I dare not disagree.Nothing to look at by way of achievements, I am the quintessential example of a person so beautifully described by the poet Akbar Allahabadi-
हम क्या कहें अहबाब क्या कार- ए- नुमायाँ कर गए
बी. ए. हुए, नौकर हुए, पेंशन मिली और मर गए ....
No wonder I envy people who achieve so much in life !

I donot watch much of TV for the obvious reason of the kind of stuff they offer, be it news , serials or other boringly  monotonous programs.I do make some exception about the KBC, telecast on Sony TV Channel as the program has much of valuable content as far as General Knowledge is concerned.This gone Friday , the Karamvir segment of the KBC featured Deepa Malik and Manasi Joshi, the two Women athletes who despite being physically challenged have done India proud by emerging as Champions in International Sports Events.  Deepa Malik, paralysed below chest is on wheelchair .She is into  short put, Javelin throw and motor sports and is a medalist in all. Her extraordinary feats in Athletics belie her being 49 years of age . She is the first Indian woman to win a medal at Para athletic meet. Manasi Joshi , a qualified engineer met with an accident and lost a leg. Undeterred by  this physical challenge, she took up sports and is a World Woman  Para Badminton Champion. Looking at their achievements, I felt  myself dwarfed , quite naturally. They're the real Karamvirs- a far cry from our bragging , lying, arrogant ,presumptuous  bhashan vir politicians.

Sunday, October 6, 2019

Durga Ashtmi

SUNDAY MUSINGS :
Today is the  8th day of Navratri known as the Durga Ashtami .The Scriptures and Holy books ordain Kanjak Puja or the worship of nine Kanyas on the 8th & 9th day of Navratri.Unfortunately there is dearth of Kanyas to fulfill this religious requirement and people have to make do with whatever number is available, most of the time even one.
This time the lady of the house has chosen to observe fast on all the nine days . There has been tacit resolve to prepare food without the use of onion and garlic. An avowed vegetarian, I willingly gave in and am  taking food prepared without onion and garlic.This has not made much difference taste wise.
This gone week saw the demise of Viju Khote, the popular Actor of Hindi and Marathi films.The social Media was quick to report this by flashing pictures of the Actor even before the other media chose to chip in.It was a surprise of sorts for me to know that Viju Khote happened to be the Actor who played Kalia in the iconic film Sholay. I have seen only some parts of Sholay. The characters of Gabbar, Kalia, Thakur as also of Basanti came centre stage mainly because of the dialogues mentioning their names. 'Tera kya hoga, Kalia !' uttered by Amjad Khan playing Gabbar immortalized both Kalia & Gabbar.

Humble tributes to the departed Actor !!

Friday, October 4, 2019

धनी राम चात्रिक

दीन दुनी दे मालिक ! तूं करदे बेड़ा पार,
बरकतां वसा के, बाग़ ते ल्या बहार,
पा दे ठंढ ठार । दीन दुनी…

तारे दे अन्दर रुशनायी तेरी,
सूरज दे अन्दर गरमायी तेरी,
सागर दे अन्दर डूंघायी तेरी,
आकाशां ते तेरा खिलार ।दीन दुनी…

हाथी ते कीड़ी विच इक्को सामान,
हर कतरा लहू विच अणगिनत जान,
हर जान दे अन्दर तेरा मकान,
की करीए तेरा शुमार ? दीन दुनी…
- धनी राम 'चात्रिक'

आज  महान  पंजाबी कवि की जयंती है !
विनम्र श्रद्धांजलि !!

Sunday, September 29, 2019

Ram Singh, IAS

SUNDAY MUSINGS :
The other day social media carried the photograph of a couple leisurely walking amidst greenery. The gentleman carrying a kilta on his back and his wife carrying their kid. But for the details appended to the picture, I would have just glossed over , thinking it a  routine click from North- East India.
As it turned out , the gentleman is Ram Singh IAS, holding the coveted post of a Deputy Commissioner in West Garo Hills  district in Meghalay. It is stated that he walks on foot 10 km to buy fresh vegetables from the village and carries them on his back as the picture shows.
It was further mentioned that he belongs to Jahalma village of district Lahaul & Spiti. He holds a degree in Engineering, and had a stint  in the  Merchant Navy prior to joining the IAS in 2008. His brothers is also in the IAS.
One gets floored with such simplicity and down to earth, polite and humble demeanour , rare to be found in persons holding high office in the Government, generally seen to be stiff necked, haughty and arrogant,  be they bureaucrats or technocrats. As a Himachali, I feel proud of him.
------------
Navratri , the nine day festival devoted to the nine manifestations of Goddess Durga, starts today, with some of the devotees observing fast on all the nine days.Those who donot observe fast at least become abstemious shunning non vegetarian food for these nine days. The Navratri culminate with Dassehra falling on the tenth day. Durga pooja is more prevalent among the Bengali people. The local Kali Bari temple at Shimla these

days is  full of devotees visiting and paying their obeisance to the Goddess.

Happy Navratri !!

Sunday, September 22, 2019

Facebook or No Facebook

SUNDAY MUSINGS :
The other day when a learned  and revered friend put up a post spelling out his own dilemma whether or not to continue with Facebook for very cogent reasons, I faced with almost the same situation put up my comments that  I am happy to repeat and reproduce below.

My take on Facebook is simple. I find it an important and useful interactive forum to reach out to maximum number of people from all walks of life. In  my  ten years of presence on Facebook,out of which seven years post retirement, I have come across wonderful, creative , intelligent people and this otherwise could not have been possible. Being a retired person, I have no time constraints and can log on anytime of my choice.
It is neither possible nor necessary to comment on each and every post, so I have my own preferences. I rarely post or comment on posts with an insinuating political content or having political overtones or undertones . Being interested in Literature, I thoroughly enjoy poetry and other literary pieces and comment on them  if necessary. I also enjoy personal reminiscences posted by friends  and others. I consider it my  privilege to respond to Morning wishes put up by friends and also convey Birthday wishes. As for my own posts, others may judge. The best way is to have some schedule fixed in the morning / Evening to interact, so that other routine is not disturbed.
Facebook  provides liberty of every kind.
----------------------
In addition I must confess that  my reading has taken a back seat as  I have not been able to go through a few books purchased over a period  sometime back. Facebook and Internet , however do compensate to quite some extent as being windows to the outside world. Social Media is now forcing mainstream media to fall in line and not to suppress news and information in order to pursue their  own express agenda .
It is appalling to see what kind of Public Representatives we are throwing up .
The buck does not stop there. Surprisingly, such obnoxious elements continue to enjoy the tacit and often open support of their partymen who have no qualms about  expressing their solidarity.
It is also amusing to see some friends who burst into poetry at the discomfiture of a particular political entity, sitting smug and nonchalant at some other  similar situation.